Does Pet Parent Personality Affect Canine Training Success?
Pet owner’s personality can affect canine training success, study finds
Factors that affect behavioral therapy success include the dog’s age, sex and size. Whether it’s barking at everyone who passes or aggression toward strangers, many problem dog behaviors can be helped.
New research suggests the trick to training problem pups may depend on the the owner’s personality, as well as the bond between human and dog.
“Almost nothing is known about how treatment success is influenced by the characteristics of the owner,” said Lauren Powell, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine.
To better understand what it takes to correct problem dog behavior, a team at PennVet recruited 131 dog-owner pairs to attend a veterinary behavioral program for six months.
Owners fill out a human personality assessment questionnaire and dog behavior questionnaire at the start of the study. The dog behavior questionnaire is filled out again at three and six months into the study. Seventy-five pairs completed the research.
In the dog assessment, owners rate their pets on topics such as:
- aggression, directed to strangers, the owner and other dogs
- separation anxiety
- energy level
The human personality assessment looked at broad categories, such as:
- extroversion and introversion
- openness to new experiences
At the end of the program, big dogs with aggression problems showed more improvement than smaller dogs. That may be because owners might be more attuned to the larger dogs’ behavior because they present more of a safety risk, Powell said.
But other results surprised the team.
“Extroverted owners were more likely to see improvements in dogs’ fearful behaviors and introverted owners less so,” said Powell, lead author of the study published recently in Frontiers in Veterinary Science. “Introverted owners find it tough to leave their dog or give it space because of their own personality.”
Helping people work through behavior problems with their pets is important because an estimated 3.3 million dogs end up in animal shelters in the U.S. each year. About 670,000 are euthanized.
Dr. Katherine Houpt said owners should start training early before “mild annoyances become major issues.”
People often don’t realize that dogs are learning and because they’re reinforcing behaviors every day. Take the dog that’s always barking at the neighbors, said Houpt. An emeritus professor of animal behavior medicine at Cornell University.
“When the dog is outside in the yard, he barks at everyone who goes by,” Houpt said. “He learns people go away — because they are going away anyway — when he barks. And he becomes more and more confident of his ability to make things he doesn’t like go away by barking.”